Bankruptcy 破產 (MP3)

Bankruptcy 破產

1.A debtor may file for bankruptcy,which is called “voluntary bankruptcy”.

債務人可以申請破產,這叫做“自愿破產”。

2.Bankruptcy protects the debtor from debt collection by creditors.

破產程序保護債務人免受債權人的討債。

3.He was adjudicated or declared bankrupt.

他被宣判或宣布破產。

4.I’m broke.

我破產了。

5.Insolvency matters are covered under the Bankruptcy Code.

資不抵債事項由《破產法典》調整。

6.The company was close to bankruptcy.

公司接近破產。

7.The company was declared insolvent.

公司被宣布無清償能力。

8.The court appointed a receiver to administer and liquidate the assets of an insolvent corporation.

法院指定了一個接管人以管理和清算破產公司的資產。

9.The creditors decided ot initiate a bankruptcy proceeding.

債權人決定提起破產之訴。

10.The debt was discharged in bankruptcy.

在破產中債務被解除。

法律英語聽力MP3合集

Insurance 保險 Real property 不動產
Process 傳票 Judge 法官
Law 法律 Court 法庭
Citizens’ right 公民權利 Company law 公司法
International law 國際法 Negligence 過失行為
Partnership 合伙 Contract and agreement 合同和協議
Environment protection 環境保護 Marriage and family life 婚姻和家庭
Prosecutor 檢察官 Traffic 交通
Encumbrance 財產負擔 Police 警察
Jurisprudence 法理 Lawyer 律師
Offense 犯罪 Instrument 票據
Jurisdiction 管轄權 Appeal 上訴
Customs and tariff 海關和關稅 Death penalty 死刑
Settlement 和解 Costs 訴訟費
Shipping and maritime law 貨運和海商法 Juvenile delinquency 未成年人違法
Loan and lease 借貸和租賃 Punishment 刑罰
Legislation 立法 Remedy 救濟
Jury 陪審團 Contempt of court 藐視法庭
Tort 侵權 Bankruptcy 破產
Trial 審判 Tax 稅收
Pleading 訴辯狀 Litigation 訴訟
ownership 所有權 Agency 委托代理
Consumer’s right 消費者權益 Trust 信托
Criminal law principles 刑法原則 Criminal investigation 刑事偵察
Medical care 醫療保健 Duty 責任
Transaction 業務交易 Bidding 招投標
Plaintiff and Defendant 原告和被告 Intellectual property 知識產權
Debt 債務 Will and Succession 遺囑和繼承
Securities 證券 Gift 贈與
Arbitration 仲裁 Evidence 證據

最好不要把Insolvency用于個人

最近看到一篇關于bankruptcy和insolvency對比的文章,稱現在這兩個詞都可以用來修飾‘公司’和‘個人’的破產。一直以來,我都習慣用bankruptcy這個詞來修飾‘個人’的破產,所以為此,我專門查了一下維基百科,證實了自己的想法。

Insolvency means the inability to pay one’s debts as they fall due. Usually used to refer to a business, insolvency refers to the inability of a company to pay off its debts.

Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay its creditors.

從上面的解釋中可以清楚地看到,insolvency既通常是對‘公’的,而bankruptcy這個詞既可以對‘公’,也可以對‘私’。

當然,語言的使用一直在變化的過程之中。在法律翻譯的時候,大家用詞最好還是以小心謹慎為原則吧!

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